Politics and religion:
There is not a whole lot known about the many factions of the Dota 2 world concerning politics. The few cases we do know suggest that monarchy is the most common form of government (e.g. the Kingdoms of Slom and Elze), although some appear to be led by elders (Sniper's clan).
More prevalent appears to be religious leaders, with at least nine heroes having a religious background. Particularly Omniknight and Chen belief strongly in their religion to the point where it fuels their powers. This stands in stark contrast with the technologically inclined heroes, particularly Tinker, whom highly prefer rational methodologies.
List of known leaders/ruling families and their current status:
- The Last King of Slom - Deceased - slaughtered the entire House of Ambry, safe for their youngest son Banehallow, turning him into a Lycanthrope, for their attempts at rebelling against him. Mauled to death much later, when his menagerie of animals was set loose by Beastmaster.
- The royal family of the Solar Throne, including the previously next in line princess Mirana - Presumed alive.
- The Tahlin family - Exterminated with just one surviving member (Riki - Allied with the Radiant).
- Ghastly Eyrie - The royal family of the Skywrath, presumed alive. One member fell due to a sister's treachery (now known as the Vengeful Spirit)
- The village elders of Knollen - Presumed alive; exiled Sniper.
- Ostarion the Skeleton King - Unliving, allied with the Dire.
- The Ecclesiast-King of Elze – Deceased after thrown of the Tower of Invocations; responsible for summoning Queen of Pain.
- Queen of Pain - The unofficial queen of Elze, allied with the Dire. Alive unless ganked hard enough.
- Tyrant King Goff - Deceased, having been asassinated by Gondar, the Bounty Hunter.
- Magnus, who led the magnoceroi with the now-expired(deceased) Matriarch and has now separated himself from his kin, seeking revenge for their nigh-extinction. Alive and notorious for a likely PTSD-caused horn obsession.
- King-mage Sutherex - Presumed alive; Clinkz was/is a follower of his.
- The rulers of Candoness, including the Dowager Queen Tansis XII and her son, king Tansis XIII, long terrorized by Uldorak the Time Dragon, current state unknown - deprived of that menace by Davion, the Dragon-slaying Knight.
- An unknown prince whose fate is unknown to us and who had lost a treasure ship in the Narrow Channel, a ceremonial rapier of his later found by Admiral Kunkka.
- Numerous amounts of kings and rulers dueled and decapitated by Axe. Unless any of them had the guts to live on headless and partially limbless, they are all deceased.
- Lord Birot, whose rule stretches over the ocean deeps of the whole world. Currently alive and in a symbiotic partnership with Morphling, who seems to have aligned himself with the lord after having descended to his new home.
- The long late Lord Regent of Stonehall, Urthic Laste, who went down in history as the one to establish the tradition of Last Strike - the Death Bounty as it was called back then. Time has likely taken care of him centuries ago.
List of known deities:
- Maelraun/Maelrawn the Tentacular, revered by Tidehunter.
- The Omniscience, the All Knowing One, revered by Omniknight - Actual godhood is questionable.
- Selemene, Goddess of the Moon, revered by Mirana and Luna.
- Obelis, revered by the Knights of the Fold, Chen the Holy Knight a part of them.
- Goddess Avilliva Scree'auk, made a deal with Shendlezare, later Vengeful Spirit.
- Verodicia, Goddess of the Woods, 'mother' of Nature's Prophet - Deceased.
- God-king Damathryx, leader of Dark Seer.
- The Primordials - they were powerful enough to lock the Ancients in the Mad Moon. They are not likely to be present in this world, however, but their influence from that single action is considerably serious.
- The Gods of the Nothl Realm.
- Goddess Nyctasha - Presumed to be deceased - possibly killed or at least stripped of her divinity and immortality by Atropos, the Bane Elemental. It is at least confirmed that her blood still drenches Atropos, and that he had fed on her immortality - possibly taking it in process.
- The Dead God, whose legions destroyed Turstarkuri, home of the Anti-Mage, and whose legionnaire Undying spreads the blight-bearing Dirge across the lands.
- The Goddess of Luck - a generous and merciful diety, might be the divine caretaker of the Ogre race, specifically Aggron Stonebreak the Ogre Magi.
- The War God of the Thousand Tharns - slain by the Army of the Red Mist, lead by Mogul Khan the Axe.
- The Boar God, who represents the aspect of the boar, which brings health, virility and alacrity, and now only has Yurnero the Juggernaut as his only last possible follower.
- The Flayed Twins, powerful and ever lusting for blood, with their hound Bloodseeker and an entire empire forced into worshipping them.
- Io the Wisp, often mistaken for a divine power by earthly creatures.
- Nyx, the mysterious goddess of the zealot scarabs, actively worshipped by her one and only Assassin.
- The unnamed and unknown Gorgon sea goddess, mother to Medusa and her sisters.
- The Solar Goddess of the barrens, predictably worshipped by those scoured by the merciless sun.
- Uncertain: The Celestials, who appear to be powerful entities, capable of making physical contact with earthly creatures; prevalent in the area of the Wailing Mountains. Storm Spirit and Brewmaster are both half-celestial.
- Uncertain: The Loom, creators of fabric of reality, carefully cared for by the Weavers.
- Uncertain: The Nameless Ones, referenced by Slardar.
- Uncertain: The Greek pantheon - Heavily referenced by Zeus, but it is uncertain what their relation is to the Dota 2 world.
- Uncertain: The Dark Ones - referenced by Slark when using Dark Ritual; the very least they could be is powers that could grant the would-be Dark Reef escapees power in return for sacrifice.
- Uncertain: Thor - mentioned in Mjollnir description, not really pointing out whether he is a god or not.
- Uncertain: Atropos the Bane Elemental - Having burst from the heart of the aforementioned goddess Nyctasha, he has taken her prowess and might very well be the new god in place of her. That is, if she did actually die when he spawned.
Outstanding seasonal and historical events:
Like any other world, the world of Dota is not without an arrangement of celebrations and holidays of its' own. And since tracking down every single one up to the Greevil Labor Exploitation Appreciation Day would be an honorable, if not stupid undertaking, below are listed the most outstanding celebrations and events that tip the balance of the war between the Ancients in one way or another.
Tis the season of the Dire, rising grimly ever higher, greevils hatching for Roshan - Radiant's power is almost gone. This celebration is more akin to a flight for one's life if that one happens to be an unfortunate enough passerby to cross into the war zone. That is mainly because Heroes of both sides, one now stronger, the other falling to weakness, are to contain the beast, Roshan - Diretide is the (almost) annual suspension of the thief's curse. Presumably having gone mad after millenia of intermittent deaths and having become equally powerful, albeit not mad with power, he stalks the field in search of the only thing that can now satisfy his hunger - the delicious Greevil Taffy, made out of greevils in horrendously gruesome ways that only a being capable of cooking an organic being into a confettioner's work of art could properly understand.
It is not recorded what happens if the raging beast prevails - this year's reports are vastly ambigious in their implications of him simply refusing to fall despite the fact that the implications keep coming in. The information regarding the celebration of Diretide in other lands - and the actual fact of it being celebrated there - is also considerably scarce. What is known, however, is that Roshan's powers expand tremendously if not to say exponentially. He masters devastating dispersive deep strikes, becomes capable of recreating the apocalypse in a short area around him, and only gains power when mighty heroes try and slay him. To noone's surprise, killing the beast also becomes a much tougher procedure. His presence is, however, a welcomed factor, for otherwise the Dire would have no reason not to utterly devastate their Radiant enemies.
Overlooking and guiding the grim yet exciting event is the duty of Krobelus, the Death Prophet, who sees all from beyond the veil and tells all from the very same location - as much as you can tell without spoiling the other Ancient's efforts, you must understand.
What worries most, however, is that in the days of Diretide, Roshan finds a way to spawn offspring of his. None may know where those so-called Roshlings come from (some speculate that it may be due to the sudden appearance of countless lots of greevil eggs in the area) or where they go after the celebration/fight for survival of the land is over. Some have reported seeing Heroes use them as enslaved artefact couriers, however, but one knows just how much you should trust gossipers - to think of it, some actually claim that there are golden Roshlings. Absolutely disgusting.
Ah, Frostivus, the joyous celebration which takes place in the coldest of times, the Ancients both retreating their forces and laying low. The time of peace, happiness; the time of givening. Due to irreversible terrain changes, there actually begins a truce between those Radiant and Dire forces that remained on the fields of battle.
Holiday cheer takes all, as valiant warriors participate in fun games of Ice-Is-Not-Nice, pouring alcoholic drinks on their teammates et cetera. One of the finishing parts is planting the Star of Madness, presumably a reminder of the Mad Moon's story and existance, on the mightiest tree around - which happens to be Rooftrellen most of the times.
The truest essence of Frostivus, however, is in the spirit of givening. Gifts are the focus of all attention, and none may remain pouting on the absence of a shiny new Mekansm. Absolutely nothing may ever stop the magical celebration that is Frostivus, for it is beyond sacred, even the most horrible of demons not laying an appendage on the traditional holiday.
With utmost certainty it can be said that Frostivus, the one season of cheer, will surely go on for ages, undisturbed.
A most horrendous catastrophe has happened this year, for Frostivus has been nothing short of cancelled by hordes and hordes of Greevil beasts. None still know where the blobby vermin came from - no sane person would ever keep an egg, let alone expose it to magical essences, which, as forensics now claim, is most clearly what happened, as the greevils found on the fields of war were very clearly rather grown and mutated. In a mind-boggling act of defiance, the magical beasts have raided Woode Eadweard's Secret Shop and stole all the gifts - and that is no exaggeration! - effectively dooming themselves to a magical curse of untold power. The curse, however, seemed to be rather delayed, and the fate of Frostivus - and the gifts - lied in the hands of Heroes currently residing in the valleys where the Radiant/Dire struggle used to take place. The terrible greevil horde had taken over every inch of the field safe for the now partially defunct bases; even Roshan was reported missing, replaced with a mega giga Greevil Roshan, though that is neither confirmed nor denied by officials.
Guided by Tusk, a Hero who was, at the time, yet to arrive at the fields but still was fit for announcer duty, the ten warriors, magi, demons and other Fundamentals fought over the gifts in the now frozen landscapes. The Frostivus truce forgotten, the Radiant and the Dire yet again were up to their routine of fighting each other, this time competing in an attempt to gather the most gifts from slain greevils - presumably to increase their side's popularity among simple folk.
This insulting turn of events is yet again a reminder to all in regards to respect for holiday cheer and greevil awareness.
Not so long ago, a tome containing the stories of old and slightly less old has been uncovered - the Archronicus opens its pages to those it deems worthy, and uncovers to them secrets from small to big. As of right now, only three of them have been uncovered and preserved - one that tells the story of the Mad Moon and the Ancients, one that is a recollection of a Keen's encouter with a dragon's carcass and one that tells us of the Gem of True Sight being sought by Maelrawn and treasure hunters. The transcripts can be found if you follow the link above; here will be left parts that openly correlate with the Heroes and events we know of.
- The Dire and Radiant ancient are yet again said to be focused on their eternal fight and that only; they emanate dire and radiant energies respectively, but ultimately are focused on just their strife. That doesn't make them neutral in nature, but they do not belong to either evil or good.
- - it is not explicitly stated that there were any Titans in the story of the Mad Moon and the Ancients, which leads one to believe that the inhabitants of the world mostly don't even know who made them.
- - the order Davion belongs to is called Scaled Knights of Uthorian. Their shields are also rather resistant to the dragons' stomach acids.
- The Gem of True Sight was found by a successful group of seamen, according to the poem, and with that allowed them to see the dead - that, and awakened the rage of Maelrawn the Tentacular. They only barely fled, carrying with them the Gem, which is now safe on land. Who knows which marine creatures under his control did Maelrawn (the alleged lord of the underwater world at the stated moment) send to the surface to retrieve it as the kraken failed...
The amount of connected heroes is slowly starting to expand, with recent heroes starting to have more and more connections with previously connected heroes. In this list we have a summary of heroes who are somehow not indifferent to each other, either through race, family, region or rivalry.
- &,,,& and everyone else - Elder Titan pretty much created the Seven Planes, this world among them. So he's kind of an umpteen times granddad to every being there is, even those spectral. Fundamentals stand apart, however, as they seem to have existed before. Earthshaker has a purpose which Elder Titan acknowelges, but Raigor himself is unaware of, for he apparently shaped the continents.
- ?, , - Earth Spirit and Elder Titan seem to like to make it clear to Tiny that they know who he is and where he came from, mostly while crushing him into dust. Earthshaker, also a being of earth, is more considerate. Assuming that the Celestial in Kaolin's statue is the one that rules over all soil of the world, it means that technically, he was directly created by Elder Titan; Raigor following suit as the next biggest thing.
- , - The abovementioned Spirit also makes some interesting claims, among them the fact that Nature's Prophet should revere him by right and is technically under his command. Looking back at the Verodician mythos, it is rather likely that Verodicia herself went to the earth after her death, and the Earth's soul and mind are currently in the statue of a Wailing general.
- vs Admiral Kunkka and Tidehunter are each others' nemesi.
- vs Lina the Slayer and Rylai the Crystal Maiden are sisters and bloody rivals.
- & Crystal Maiden seems to have known the Snowball from Cobalt (Tusk as we call him) quite well back in her days in the vicinity of Blueheart Glacier.
- & The duo of Bristleback and Tusk have been at each other's throats ever since the former overstayed his welcome in the bar the latter was an enforcer in. It's only a barkeep's cunning that prevented the place from being smashed into the tiniest of shreds, and had the two wander off to look for a real fight - either that or search out the punchy customer, respectively.
- & Saying that Dragonus, the Skywrath Mage has a crush on Shendelzare would be quite an understatement. The Vengeful Spirit herself, however, seems to be quite distrusting towards him. Their relationship really isn't at its peak.
- , Slark and Slithice are a little bit similar. It's implied through some lines and item descriptions (see Encore, a blade for Nightcrawler) that Slark has the hots for Naga. At the very least he is a fan of her voice. Given, he's not obsessed with her, but still. The Naga Siren herself is largely unaware of that, Slark mostly keeps to himself.
- , The Moon Rider, Luna and the Princess of the Moon, Mirana both serve Selemene and guard the Nightsilver Forests. It should be said, however, that from the former's responses, their relationship is highly competitive.
- , Razzil Darkbrew rides an unnamed ogre, and the Ogre Magi is/are, well, an ogre/ogres. The latter sometimes mourn/mourns the death of the ogre and the ogre only in case the Alchemist duo falls to them/him.
- vs Pugna and Viper both hail from the Nether Reaches. Pugna also claims in his voicelines that Viper was at one point his pet.
- , Medusa, perhaps through her Olympus connections, knows Zeus and his siblings slash offspring rather well. She isn't much of a fan, too, but the descendant of a god is not very high on her list of priorities.
- , , , , Rubick the Grand Magus is among the very, very few who can remember the Invoker back in the early days - he specifically mentions how he did not call himself Invoker back then, but rather went as Arsenal Magus. The same applies to the Undying, whose seemingly sole memory of his previous life seems to be the Invoker - more importantly, he appears remembers the mage's real name. Dragonus probably made a brief acquaintance with him, only for Invoker to not remember much of the Skywrath Mage - there was clearly something big enough for the wrathful and jumpy aerial man to think that he warrants a blot in the Invoker's memory. Lastly, Mirana also possesses the knoweldge of Invoker's real name.
- &&&(, ) Tinker, Clockwerk, Sniper and the engineer who created the Gyrocopter are all part of the Keen Folk, Alchemist arguably being one of them just as well, having a couple of different features and not exactly being called one of the Keen Folk by his enemies. It is, however, rather possible that Razzil belongs to a race of so-called small-keen alongside his similarly purple companion Rizzrack, pilot of the Timbersaw suit.
- & (& ), , Both Siren and Slardar had at one point served in the Slithereen Guard; the latter still an active part of it, the former banished to find what was once stolen. They maintain a rather friendly relationship, Slithice can often be found mourning Slardar's death should she kill him. She also refers to the Shadow Shaman as an old friend for reasons unknown. Tidehunter and Slark also might belong to the Slithereen race because of how vague the description and requirements are.
- , Lanaya used to study what little was left of the Violet Archives, most likely including a couple of materials written by the major Tinker Boush. It is possible that the Templar Assassin does know of his fate and how he had to survive what others could not; though she never mentions him.
- &&&() Axe, Warlock and the Disruptor all belong to the people of Oglodi, the shattered pieces of what used to be a great civilization. Both Disruptor and Axe seem to have fought together during the early years of the Thousand Tarns campaign. Bradwarden's Centaur nation is a friendly neighbour from the steppes. Lifestealer is mostly rotten and is more or less a husk, and yet he counts.
- vs Dazzle is the one that more or less granted Huskar his powers. The latter, however, is largely not amused, since all he wanted was martyrship and a place among gods.
- , Shadow Shaman is half hill troll, Jah'rakal is all monger troll. The Troll Warlord that the hill trolls are the weakest of all, though he's an unreliable source of information. The forest creep hill trolls seem to be able to launch magic projectiles with their axes, so who knows, maybe he is just jealous.
- ,, The Spirit Breaker refers to Leshrac and Spectre as fellow planeswalkers, though it is quite possible that while he did know about the two's existance, he never met them in person until now. Those are the only ones who are openly said to be planeswalkers, anyway.
- vs The order of Aeol Drias that Silencer hails from is the sworn enemy of the Knights of the Fold, Chen's order.
- , Clinkz hails from the Hoven, which lies at the base of the Bleeding Hills, birthplace of Shadow Shaman.
- , Bestmaster and Lycanthrope both originate from the same kingdom, and both had to deal with its' unjust ruler, The Last King, in their early childhoods. They do not seem to know about each other's deeds, however, since neither Banehallow nor Karroch talk about each other at all (not counting a single irrelevant rivalry line for Beastmaster that Lycan has).
- &vs (, , ) Doom, Shadow Fiend and Shadow Demon all hail from the same place (partly counting out Doom, as he was originally a creature of light), with Doom and Shadow Fiend teaming up at one point to bring Shadow Demon down. Out of all three, Doom seems to be the biggest force, both Nevermore and Shadow Demon having been under his command at some point, the latter still clinging to dominance and the former mostly minding his own buisness of collecting souls. Warlock, Lion and Queen of Pain are all connected with the daemons without necessarily being them - Warlock summons a bound Golem, Lion is demon-infested through his arm and Queen of Pain is a succubus, and succubi are usually daemons... by logic.
- &((&)&)+ Sylla the Lone Druid is visibly hearbroken if he has to stand against Nature's Prophet or dies at his hand. He also lost a finger to Ulfsaar back when the future Ursa Warrior was a cub, and the two maintain a friendly relationship to this day. And all of them, Treant Protector included and even shown together with half of this group, are closely associated with nature and forests - thus making it very possible that they all know the Enchantress .
- &&& Mangix the Brewmaster is half-celestial from birth and the ex-elementalist Thunderkeg, now the Storm Spirit, willingly merged himself with one, namely Raijin. Kaolin the long passed general and Xin the warrior-poet were also infused with Celestial essence - the Earth Spirit and the Ember Spirit (or the Burning Celestial, either seems to work), albeit posthumously. Storm Spirit and Brewmaster could possibly have known each other even, perhaps in the old days; the other two are lone wolves when it comes to social and celestial interaction.
- (vs) , The Chaos Knight devotes his existance to hunting down an other Fundamental - the Light; or, in other words, Ezalor the Keeper of the Light. And Wisp, Io the name he, she or it goes by, is a Fundamental as well, roaming across the fabric of the universe, not much unlike Enigma , who is another Fundamental wanderer whose true history is long lost to the cosmos.
- vs[/b] The current Nyx Assassin apparently has a qualm with Abaddon, the Lord of Avernus. Judging by the latter's claims, the Assassin's caste had suffered losses at the hand of House Avernus, or maybe even Abaddon himself.
- & Visage serves as the guardian of the gateway into the Narrow Maze, while Razor patrols the maze, hastening the souls along. Going by Visage's rival lines, he is aware of Razor's role, although Razor has no such lines for Visage.
- vs Visage 's voicelines indicate he knows Lion , expressing great surprise when they are on the same side, and telling Lion to go back to hell (again) when they are on opposing sides, likely having had to deal with him multiple times before during his multiple appearances in Narrow Maze (Hell?).
- , Ezalor, Keeper of The Light sparkles new suns to life, thousands of them being his handywork. This makes him quite directly responsible for the genocide of the Night Stalker Balanar's people - something neither of them seem to be aware of, or, in the elderly Fundamental's case, care about much.
- vs&/or - Rizzrack, the Timbersaw suit pilot, has decent grounds for concern regarding working with Nature's Prophet and Rooftrellen. The creatures that destroyed Augury Bay might very well have been the treants - or perhaps the Treant Protectors , who reside in Augury Vale, the two places likely connected. That is if we are to trust the blurry backstory of the man who might very well not be all there and, who knows, may have been the cause of the Incident at Augury Bay.
- & & & (& ) - Meepo , Meepo , Meepo , Meepo and the sometimes late to the party Meepo are the bestest friends in the whole world. They're almost like twin brothers. In crime.
- &Aghanim - At least by claim, Rubick the Grand Magus is the son of the great Aghanim, the creator of the shapeshifting Scepter.
As of now, at least twelve heroes sometimes speak in fictional languages. Those are mixed with lines in English, but are often used by the heroes. Currently, we only have detailed information for one of them, the rest yet to be translated by the Valve lore team or somehow decyphered by the fans (I'm not leaving that option out).
There also is a whole unknown alphabet used in the Archronicus pages that are yet to be deciphered. There is no indication as to whose language that is.
The most notable of all, Ozhkavosh (literally Demon [language]) is spoken by Shadow Demon, Shadow Fiend and Doom. It emphasises greatly on -zh and -sh and is relatively simple, many words having a miltutide of meanings to them, hardly suffering from a lack of synonims. Shadow Demon uses it much more often than the rest, Nevermore a close second. Doom only chooses to speak in Ozhkavosh when talking to the latter two. It is the only one to have been given an actual dictionary for players to use.
Examples: "Ozh gluth izh." - "I consume you."; "Ozh omoz groth." - "My shadow spreads."; "Arkosh izh-domosh." - "The master demands you."
Warlock often speaks using an unknown language - while it is not Ozhkavosh, it is definately somehow connected to demons. It is quite possible that it is not a real language, but rather a set of incantations that might or might not have an actual meaning. It is very -k and -r-heavy and its' vowels are longer than usual. Though that could just be the Warlock himself. An interesting note of trivia would be that Warlock is apparently making an effort to learn Ozkavosh himself, but its only fruits thus far are headless golems.
Examples: "Ka'sha'karakas."; "Kor'karamord."; "Kar kor".
The Bounty Hunter sometimes slips into his first language. The name is not given, and not much is known about it, but is uses a lot of apostrophes due to its' complicated syllable and pause system and has a lot of -f and -i sounds.
Examples: "Agho' prira."; "Fi'ir."; "Fim sa'ek."
Shadow Shaman and Witch Doctor use a couple of unknown chants while using Shackles/attacking. They have a big emphasis on vowels and the words seem to be quite long. The two languages might very well be one, looking at how the words and the pronunciation are quite similar.
Examples: "Ney-yakena-tia-cah!"; ""Abo-talla-bashu-neba."
The Spectre speaks in what she herself calls the "speech of the Ascendants", which is, essentially, our common language, only heavily distorted. Most of her words can potentially be made out, but some have no obvious English counterparts.
Examples: "I come a stranger here, lost/Tsol, ereh regnarts a emoc I/I emoc a regnarts ereh, tsol" heard all at the same time.
Wisp doesn't use a comprehendable form of language, instead emanating ghostly cosmic sounds, rarely mixed with sudden occasional lines in the normal language.
Examples: Impossible to put into written form.
Ezalor, the Keeper of The Light and Ethreain the Lich both have mysterious "incantation" responses that aren't even used. Those sound much alike and are a jumbled mess of syllables, clearly used to invoke unknown magical powers.
Examples: "Antalemalala!"; "Oh-na-summaleah!"; "Mokao-taraya, nira-kaaah- -this incantation goes on for far too long and is subtitled as Blah Blah Blah-"
Slark has a series of incoherent ramblings that aren't subtitled and feature him whispering audible English at first, mainly reliving his usage of skills, and later on having him slip into an unknown language which can hardly be recreated in written form.
Examples: Audio samples undergoing analysis. Estimated time of decyphering: nine nine nine nine nine nine nine nine nine nine nine nine ni
As of now, there is not a lot of established races in the universe of Dota 2. What is known can be found in the species list somewhere above. This part is fully dedicated to speculation on hero races and their possible connections to each other.
Currently, there are three main cathegories: Humanoid, Otherworld and Other. Those can be divided into multiple lists. All of which can be found below, explanations included.
It should also probably be noted that for a more comprehensible list you should visit this thread and take a look at this picture. Though the three lists may contradict with each other in some places, it is still best to read them one by one.
Human, Deformed Human, Former Human:Humans, are, essentially, your generic humans and one of the few races to actually be called by its' name in hero lores. Look in the mirror for an extended list of special traits and details. Also includes heroes who could have been human or may or may not be human depending on how far this term stretches in Dota 2. Many of those appear in lists below.
*, *, , , , , , , *, , *, *, *, *, *, *, *, *, *, *, *, *, *, , *, *, *, *, *, *, *, *, *, *, *.
Order of Aeol Drias
Sworn enemies of the Knights of the Fold. Have a technical approach to their strategies, breeding future fighters themselves.
- Was bred by the order and spent his early years in their Hidden Cantonment.
Clans of Hazhadal Barrens
Those are nomads and tribemen of the deserts, fighting clan versus clan on a regular basis.
- The soon-to-be Holy Knight was born to one before having been converted into a Knight of the Fold.
The Nation of Cladd
Cladd appears to be just a country - a seemingly powerful one at that, having a mighty fleet at one time. What's of some note is that they employed cannon ships as part of the fleet, meaning that either non-Keens have access to technology or that they're in a trade alliance with them - at least at some point they must have been.
- The Admiral is a Claddsman, having been tasked with protecting his homeland long back in the day. Lost his entire fleet in one fateful battle, hardly making it out alive, washing up on the Keen shores in mildly savorable condition. In fact, see Undead. No matter how bad it all was, he did go on to step to the captain's deck once again, on his new flagship "The Mighty Leviathan", spotting a Keen crew.
The House Avernus
Based in the caverns surround the Font of Avernus, a source of immense power - including prophecy - and the mysterious black mist which evidently conceals and empowers all members. Are sworn to protect the Font with their lives.
- The more spiritual Lord of Avernus compared to those before him; also the most successful. Mastered the black mist and the arts of life and death; also doesn't seem to be able to close his mouth.
The Faceless Ones
Their sole representative in the game and in the world wears a mask on his head, and looks very humanlike - but his belonging to the race of humans is questionable, as we don't know what his face looks like... If he has one, that is - he himself calls his people "The Faceless Ones". Their culture is considerably sophisticated, them having numerous aspects, such as those of Beast and Man; Ivory and Ebony; aspect of the Boar; and devoting themself to a chosen one at a given point. It is very possible that they inhabited more than one island, but, as far as it goes, it appears that wherever they lived, their land would soon be destroyed.
- Was born on the Isle of Masks, later luckily banished days before it was destroyed, effectively making him the last of his kind.
The Kingdom of Slom
A very troubled kingdom, which seemed to be well up until the ruling of its' Last King.
- Was born in Slom, served to the Last King. Later played a great part in his demise.
- Originally a member of one of the noble houses of Slom. All his relatives were massacred by the Last King, he himself was cursed with lycanthropy, making him half-human now.
People of the Wailing Mountains
It is not clear what they would look like - all their representatives are either half-celestial or are inanimate objects infused with Celestial power to become sentient and humanoid. Still, they are at least humanoid and likely bear similarities to the human race. They seem to have greatly exaggerated foreheads and chins, almost blocky ones at that, and impressive musculature. It's not unlikely that they come in many colors, too, though there is a possibility that it's the Celestials that change their texture.
- Half-celestial now. According to his lore, he was, in fact, a human. See Celestials.
- Technically a statue of a general whose features seem to be a decent lot like Storm Spirit and Brewmaster's (without the fur, at least). Imbued by the Earth Spirit out of whom it was actually made of in the first place.
- Technically a pile of ashes and embers which was taken over by the appreciative Burning Celestial. Likely keeps the look they used to have when they were the warrior-poet Xin, his facial features also bearing considerable similarity to the other spirits.
- Extremely unlikely. It might be that it's the Celestial part that dominates in him, that is, if the Order of Oyo are humans. See Celestials.
The Empire of Xhacatocatl
Is under the influence of the Flayed Twins, and is bound to supply them with blood lest they suffer the same fate their sole hunter bestows upon others.
- Is the aforementioned hunter; was likely a human before having been heavily mutated by the Twins to suit his purpose better. See Animal Features.
- Partly Pallid Meranth, father presumed to be human, looking at his composture. Might be something else. See Mer.
- Part dragon after his encouter with Slyrak.
- Might have been human, or may still be a human - see Undead. That is, if you don't consider the fact that his skeleton doesn't look like it... if it's a skeleton. Okay, I'll shut it, just go to Undead.
- Aside from her pointed ears (correct, see Ancient Heroes) and current state of unliving, she does look like a human. See Undead, too.
- His skeletal features are similar to those of a human skeleton, and yet he has pointed ears. See Ancient Heroes.
- Could have been a human before becoming what he is now. Still, it is very noticeable that he is extremely tall; but what couldn't the Dead God's influence bring onto him?
- Might have been a regular human before being turned into a centaur-esque creature.
- As stated in his lore, he used to be a human before becoming the Venomancer deep in the Jidi Islands.
- There is nothing suspicious at first, but... He's orange and his eyes are unusual in how their sclera is purple but the rest is plain white. Turskarturian rituals? Or a different race altogether? Still he's humanoid enough.
- Pointed ears. See Ancient Heroes.
- Could have been a human before his demonplasty, considering that this might have changed him quite drastically. In fact, this makes him a likely candidate for whatever race. Well, at least he's humanoid, there's that.
- Most of his face has been deformed due to prolonged exposure to plague and rot, and his voice, oh gee. Also has pointed ears - see Ancient Heroes.
- Pointed ears. See Ancient Heroes.
- Is twisted and deformed enough to have a possibility of having been a human. While his mother's head is kind of present in the game, it's shrunken; but most of her features are akin to those of her son. Also see Trolls.
- Wears obscure green clothing and moves in an almost inhumane, twitchy manner, but seems to be a representative of the human race.
- Is pale green and her eyes are more akin to those of an animal.
- Could have been a human before having been altered by the Hidden Temple's mysteries. Only it's never hinted that she was changed.
- It's never stated if he belongs to a specific race, but he does look rather human, especially if you take a closer look at the face under his helmet. He might look a bit undeadish, but that's just what the Mist does to you.
Otherworld:Those are the heroes who originate from different universes, worlds and timelines.
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The Nation From Behind The Wall
It is likely that most of them have one feature in common: pointy heads. They also appear to be rather dimunitive, and have a thing for beards, much like the Keen Folk of this world. See Keen Folk.
- Ish'kafel was a revered general of his homeland before he was forced to leave it behind.
Sentient manifestations of the universe's fundamental powers, the Fundamentals originate from a distant plane, and are able to travel between them by their own will. Originally the four were one in a single perfect Unity, but then a particular Elder somebody seems to have lost his spark and that lead to what's called either The Shattering or The Schism, where the four were divided at last. It's not clear which of the two terms relates to that event, and what the remaining one stands for.
- The Chaos Knight is the Fundamental of Chaos, and is still seeking for the Fundamental of Light.
- Io is an ancient Fundamental, an entity of forces repulsive and attractive, his physical existance in this plane only explainable by controlled warping of those opposite forces.
- Heavily hinted in Wisp's lore to be a Fundamental as well, it mentioning an ancient Fundamental wanderer whose true history is long lost to the eons. Later started refering to himself as a Fundamental. It took way over a year for Enigma's enigma to solve itself. Apparently took part in The Shattering.
- The Keeper of the Light is the Fundamental of Light, being the first Fundamental to escape great Primordial harmony. Called a child of the Schism by Elder Titan who knows best.
Those who shaped worlds and themselves, the Titans are majestic, vast beings of ungraspable power. They stand right next to the great Primordials, even. It is their work that created the world of Dota 2.
- or rather, it was the Elder Titan's. At one point he made an unforgivable mistake, trying to mend what could not be mended, and what we got as a result was a world dominated and ruled over by the Ancients. He is now bound to his accidental creation, perhaps still seeking a way to make things right and fix what he had wrought upon the world.
Appear to be considerably big insectoid creatures, at least in their visible physical forms.
- Skitskurr was once part of the mysterious Loom, and was then left behind to watch after the fabric of reality with the other Weavers. Later isolated from them for disobeying orders.
The Ascendants/The Transcendencies
A very vague group of beings that may or may not exist in a visible physical form on this plane, it may send out individuals to this plane for them to live their life cycles. Their bodies are distorted and ethereal.
- The Spectre appears to be either an Ascendant or a Transcendency, judging from her voice lines.
Planeswalkers are very different, the name likely just calling a certain group of individuals rather than belonging to a race called "Planeswalkers". Still, it is possible that all planeswalkers belong to the same species. One way, or another. It's easier to sort them that way, anyway.
- Barathrum goes between the planes for reasons connected with his own realm, which is the elemental one.
- Having a very mysterious and distorted background, Mercurial is not an easy one to grasp - see above for more (if you're reading this from the bottom). Spirit Breaker gives a hint - she can very likely be considered to be a planeswalker not unlike him.
, , , - Being able to shift between planes at their own will, Fundamentals can be considered planeswalkers as well. Even if it's like calling a T-Rex an avian.
- Puck is acutely aware of the other planes' existence, and might as well have been there. Its' only wonder would be about the Outworld and why would one Destroy or, even worse, Demolish, let alone Devour it.
Element of Disharmony/Planeswalker
- The Tormented Soul is dubbed an elemental power in his lore (see Elementals). He also is referred to as a fellow planeswalker by Spirit Breaker. Nothing else would suggest that he has anything to do with other worlds.
Creatures of Claszureme
Implying that the hero below is not a single individual, it seems that his race lacks a face, spotting a hammefish-esque head with a rather normal mouth. The other features appear to be quite humanoid, his purple skin and the number of fingers being the main difference.
- Darkterror is a visitor from this world, who joins the battle due to the repercussions in Claszureme.
The Race on the Rim
An ancient species with gryphonnic bodies whose skin is more akin to stone. They spot mighty wings, allowing them to fly for prolonged time periods.
- Was left a sole guardian on the outpost on the outskirts of this galaxy.
The Pantheon of Gods
- It is a theory that the Zeus in the game is, in fact, the Zeus of our planet.
- Was held in a comet for centuries, circling across the stars. Probably couldn't remember for sure now, as his memory dissolves with every transformation.
- The Undertree, Puck's hatchplace, is located who knows where.
- A projection from outside time. It doesn't really clarify where he is from - in fact, he's from before the unvierse was created.
Other:Everyone else who couldn't be put in the previous two cathegories, and belongs to a different, shorter list. Includes many heroes who were listed before for the sheer reason of their inclusion to those sections being pure speculation.
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The Slithereen are evidently a union of underwater species, some of them joined together to form the Slithereen Guard. Or are a part of such union; it having the possibility of being the Meranthic Diaspora.
An additional theory is that female individuals look astoundingly different and much more humanoid than the males, and go under the name of Nagas. Adding to the confusion in Slithereen social hierarchy, there seems to be a species called the Deep Ones that is revered by Slithereen Guards, that is subtly hinted to be not more than a higher layer of underwater society.
- Is the last of the so-called Old Guard, a devoted protector of the Sunken Treasury.
- Former part of the Slithereen Guard, she now seeks a stolen chalice, forever banished until it has been recovered.
- Slark was serving his time in the underwater Dark Reef Prison, later the only one to escape. Last seen in the vicious parts that connect with Shadeshore.
- Well... he's a marine creature. A long shot, truly.
If what was said about the Slithereen/Meranth Diaspora being a union of marine species is true, then Naga are definately a part of them - in the end, there is the hero that goes under the name of Naga Siren.
- Her name openly implies that she belongs to the Naga species.
A strange underwater race that worships Maelrawn the Tentacular and is in conflict with the Slithereen Guard.
- Leviathan the Tidehunter who worships Maelrawn the Tentacular is nearly 100% a levianth... If we're to choose the road of the obvious choices.
A race of small marine bipeds that combine features of a kobold and a fish in their appearance, their heads and jaws notably looking similar to sharks and/or piranhas. While they are able to survive under deep water pressure, it is likely that their natural habitat is closer to the top levels of the ocean. They don't seem to have much trouble staying alive in the open air; it would appear that their skin emits a water-like liquid to cover them regularly.
- Slark was serving his time in the underwater Dark Reef Prison, later the only one to escape. Last seen in the vicious parts that connect with Shadeshore.
It is not known if any other Gorgons beside the three daughters of a nameless sea goddess exist - the humanoid reptilian beings with snakeish features are only represented by them, and as of right now, two have gone missing. The fate that had befallen the remaining one makes her an unreliable source of information on her species' appearance.
- Having traded her gorgeous beauty in exchange for power and might, Medusa searches for her sisters, taken by unknown masked assailants. All the while being uglier than a pug who had had a date with a chainsaw and was sealed in a dumpster on the Moon for a thousand years, becoming closely acquainted with its' insides.
The Tribes of Dezun Order
Judging from its' two present members, the race which the Dezun Order consists of humanoid beings with varying skin color, differently shaped ears and heads, them spotting rather pointed chins and somewhat flat faces.
- Was and, technically speaking, still is a member of the order.
- The order's prodigal Shadow Priest.
People of the Wailing Mountains
See this section in Humans. All representatives in the game are halfbred, so who knows.
The Keen Folk
This race is one of the few to have been given an actual name by Valve. They are the local equivalent of dwarves and gnomes - they're bulky, short, usually spot a beard and have an affinity with mechanical devices. Going further than that, they openly despise magic, instead preferring to survive through their own wit - which may sometimes result in unforseen consequences. It should also be said that they seem to have a long ongoing rivalry with the Oglodi race.
- A revered battle master of the Keen Folk, creator of his titular set of Clockwerk armor. Is rather patriotic of his race and prefers to stick with Tinker and Sniper.
- A scientist, the sole survivor of the Violet Plateau Accident. Has purplish skin, and is considerably short, or just has spine problems due to him strapping his hazard suit with laser and missile manipulators to his back.
- Originally from the mountainous valleys of Knollen, he is led by a prophecy to make a shot as perfect as the one he once made. Unlike Tinker, he is bigger and more muscular than him. Also slightly less purple, albeit remaining very much so.
- Is an engineer, who had retired from his duties years ago. He is nearly identical to the rest, aside from that he prefers to wear a mustache instead of a beard, but that's just pesonal style and appearance. It is not clear how many fingers does he have, since he wears mittens. Seems to have a lighter tone of skin - probably due to the time spent in retirement.
- Razzil looks quite a lot like the three, but spots a few differences. He only has three fingers on each hand, and is even shorter than the Tinker, who appears to be the shortest of all present members of this race. His model, pulling way into the game, is referred to as "goblin" in the files. And it was heavily hinted that they might, in the end, belong to the same species - the differing amounts of fingers on each of the heroes' hands (four on both Sniper and Clockwerk, five on Tinker, three on Alchemist) explainable by their dangerous type of work and the Disruptor and Axe referring to him as a "small Keen". Still, see Small Keen for a more probable explanation.
- Same deal as Razzil.
Small Keen, or "smallkeen", are a race of beings very similar to the Keen Folk in nature - as a matter of fact, one of them is probably a derivative of the other. They are extremely keen in technology and science and can be taken apart from the actual Keen Folk thanks to their more violent tendencies and differing looks. The Small Keen have less fingers - an average of 3 - and some of them possess prolonged chins and noses. It is also very common for them to be purple, or purplish-pink, much like some of the Keen Folk. Not much is known about their government or main settlements, but they clearly have quite a number of them across the lands. And quite a bit like their Keen cousins, they aren't particularly liked by the Oglodi.
- Razzil the rider is called a Smallkeen by the Oglodi heroes.
- Rizzrack's kin is not known, but he himself surely does look like a younger and a bit better shaved version of Alchemist.
The Faceless Ones
See this section in Humans.
They appear to be bulky humanoid creatures with notably blank eyes, potato-shaped noses and large chins, descending from the windridden plateaus of Druud, where weather is omnimportant and decides fates. At one point, their civilization was considerably more powerful, having reached its' fall a long time ago. Their head shape is also rather specific. It hosts the Army of the Red Mist, Bloodmist Army and owns the Ultimyr Academy, and that while some of their individuals may appear rather dimwitted and shallow, they still are very good with various crafts, from smithing to arcane magics, and weather manipulation is one of their biggest aces just as well. For reasons not very clear, they dislike the Keen Folk quite very much.
- Ex-general of the Army of the Red Mist. Now is, in fact, the army. Is much bigger than the others present (questionably) in the game and is red - most likely painted, though the Disruptor, for instance, is red as well - it might be possible that personas of great importance are painted red.
- Spots all the same features Axe does. However, much unlike Mogul Khan, he has normal skin color - either not being part of the cast that gets painted or just originating from a different place. There also is a huge gap between one's intellectual level and the other's.
- In a fashion similar to the Warlock's, Disruptor had spent a lot of time searching for pieces of lost knowelge, but instead of focusing on arcane tomes, he tamed the power of the storms by craft and magic. It should also be noted that while his eyes, similar to other Oglodi, are blank, they are white - unlike Axe's and Warlock's yellow ones.
- Called an Oglodi by Bristleback, N'aix is quite different from the rest of the bunch, mainly because he has been rotting for quite a long time and is more of a living corpse at this point. The basic facial features of his are much akin to the rest, which is more or less enough.
Some of the neutral creeps present on the battlefield are part of the artful in their brutish ways Centaur clans. Having evolved in a natural habitat that makes establishing prolonged existence a challenge (which is the tablelands of Druud), they have no appreciation for most things, lacking such basic things as written language, any kind of folklore or music, instead making up for it by seeing much more in killing and battle than any other race might ever find possible - their biggest cultural event being gladiator-esque fights on the arena of Omexe. It's rather logical that these occasionally horned half-equines are fearsome warriors. Quite similar to the Oglodi with whom they share land, some centaurs have blank eyes.
- Bradwarden is the cultural savant of the centaur race, being the champion of Omexe who now seeks out challenge in battle outside of the land which is already closely acquainted with his works of art.
Described to be atrociously dumb creatures who have trouble with feeding themselves, let alone reproducing, they seem to be very muscular and tall, and also overweight. There are different ogres, some of them appearing to be smaller and having fur and tusks. Their skin and fur color varies from yellow to orange and blue.
- Is/are born every generation or so, spots/spot two heads and can actually function on the same level most other species do - adding to that, is blessed with Dumb Luck, an ability to fall unto streaks of impossible fortune.
- Razzil rides an ogre - and a very intellegent ogre at that, being able to maintain a conversation with his master, obey his commands and talks in a rather eloquent (in comparison to other specimen) manner. His feet are alsdo structured differently. Either way, it isn't clear whether this ogre belongs to a different species altogether or this is just Razzil's influence.
A people that are best described as the offspring of a fuzzy mammoth and a rhinoceros, those proud beasts that particularly inhabited the vicinity of mountain Joerlak, used to be commanded by a Matriarch and one more of their kin until the fateful day of the mountain's artificial eruption. It is also notable that they are considerably pragmatic, blunt and their horns are expensive and valuable beyond any cost.
- Magnus is the magnoceros that lead them that fateful day. Now seeks revenge, accompanied by his most sharpest horn.
Those are all heroes who appear to either be sentient animal individuals, or are humanoids with beastly features.
As of now, several can be distinguished as clearly feline, possibly belonging to similar races or species:
- Is a humanoid with paws and a slightly twisted posture. Though that is likely the outcome of his serving to the Flayed Twins, he might have been born like that.
- Azwraith has distinctive feline features, having paws instead of feet and a very specific face structure. It is not unlikely that it's his people who have organized the mysterious Golden Mane.
- Appears to be feline as well, only much skinnier and fleshier and a differently shaped head. Though the similarities between the two allow to sort them into one cathegory, more or less.
- Looks rather feline, at least facially. Maybe that's why they call him Lion; or maybe that's what daemonplasty does to you.
The rest are as follows:
- Is a giant spider.
- A giant antropomorphic fur-covered aquatic mammal, Tusk is somewhat ursine in his appearance aside from the titular tusks. Comes from the city of Cobalt, which could be populated by similar creatures.
- The closest Rigwarl gets to anything is an antropomorphic porcupine, with some primate features thrown in for good measure.
- Meepo the Geomancer, all five of him, even goes as far as to refer to himself as a rat, or as pack rats. That being said, he does look like a rat with rabbit ears.
A race of horned humanoids with goat features. Their sizes vary greatly from individual to individual - either that or they progressively get much bigger as they get older. Their highborns seem to have a particular horn shape and employ various ways of showing their status off, such as tailgrooming. Satyrs can be found in the neutral camps.
- Was the middle son of the Tahlin dynasty. It having been massacred, he went on to become the Stealth Assassin.
- Is noticeably small and has a rack, much like Riki. Might have been a satyr before death... Or whatever made him a green skeleton. See Undead, just below.
- Shares most of Pugna and Riki's features, but his rack looks different and it is implied that it might be some sort of headwear. Additionally, one more of Clinkz's kin has undergone the same treatment as the Bone Fletcher. That one is now, somehow, his bow.
This cathegory is for all creatures that are seemingly unliving at the moment. Types of undeath may vary.
- Is a victim of a longevity spell, therefore cursed to expand his Empire of Bones. The King is alarmingly tall and bulky even for a skeleton, and has little sidehorns on his head (or at least on his crown). It is not clear what he used to be before he became what he is.
- Being a green skeleton with a detachable head, Pugna is quite likely undead at the moment. It is not clear why or how he died. And, still, there is a possibility that what we see is, in fact, a suit of armor - the old grandmaster's animated remains, to be exact - for the child Pugna.
- Was one of the warriors defending the lands of Hoven. Having slain the daemon Maraxiform, he forever stayed a flaming skeleton due to the king-mage's spell. Clinkz is quite short and has horns on his head, though they are shaped differently than Riki's or Pugna's, for instance. And there's also one other unlucky person who has become his bow. How that works is better left unquestioned.
- Krobelus is currently at the line between life and death, a line which she still can't cross. Most of her body seems to be human, some of the parts having turned into ghostly ectoplasma, her skin becoming pale green. Also, see Ancient Heroes.
- It isn't clear whether he was ever alive or not, him possibly being an animated being, but he certainly doesn't look like a living thing.
- Was a human before being thrown into the Black Pool, lying there for a couple of eons, surrounded by permafrost. Spots all human features and a skeletal face, but his ears are pointed. See Ancient Heroes.
- N'aix was cursed with longevity, and that - along with stealing others' lives - is the only thing that keeps him technically alive. Though after ages of imprisonment and whatever he had to go through afterwards, he looks like a rotting ghoul, to say the least. Also see Oglodi.
- It is implied that he could have died during the Claddish Fleet's last battle. The cross on his forehead somewhat supports this possibility. Either way, if he really is undead, then he certainly looks much better and alive than the rest. He is likely a very convincing ghost, if anything.
- It isn't known what really happened to the Phantom Lancer when the Dread Magus Vorn was slain. He may very well be dead, an army of his phantoms under the command of a ghostly creature that he is now.
- The Dirge bringer became what he is under the fittingly Dead God's influence, walking the earth as a deathless, lifeless, Undying corpse.
- The Ember Spirit has given life to what was essentially a pile of a dead person's ashes.
Dryads are beings with a humanoid upper torso and an equine (most of the time) lower half who do not belong to the Centaur species.
- Is half-human and half-stag, devotes her life to wandering across the world's forests.
- Might have been a dryad before having been turned into what he is now. His lower half is currently undefinable, likely a horse. Warrunner spits out that he's like a centaur, only worse, and has other ways to suggest that at the end of the day, Leshrac's current form is unlikely to be very similar to what he used to be. The theory stands, though.
The Mer/Meranthic Diaspora
An underwater race that is constantly in conflict with the humans, they are also notable for its' Tidehunters, one of which is present in the game. It is not unlikely that they, being a Diaspora, are, in fact, a congregation of various oceanic races, in which case the aforementioned Slithereen and Nagas are a part of it. In this case, however, the Tidehunter is hardly a part of it anymore, as he, being an acolyte of Maelrawn, is certainly in conflict with some other parts of the Diaspora. That's if you don't consider the fact that Maelrawn the Tentacular could be the ruler of all sea life - or at least he has been one, as the old tales of the Summoning Sea tell us
- Leviathan is a rogue Tidehunter, who went on to worship Maelrawn the Tentacular, the Lurker In The Whirpool.
- Is half Pallid Meranth. This race has the Meranth Empire, so the Pallid Meranth are clearly part of it.
Trolls are a viscious and very conflictuous race, prone to ending any argument in bloodshed, and extremely prone to bringing arguments up out of nowhere. There is a multitude of troll clades, Monger and Hill trolls among them. Troll males usually spend their youth in their mothers' cantonments, not contributing anything to society - that rarely changes upon adolescence, though. It would appear that trolls hold a matriarchic society. Dark and Forest Trolls don't seem to be part of the species for some reason.
- Jah'rakal is a Monger Troll, and a rather stereotypical one at that.
- Is half hill troll, half something else. He doesn't have a visible nose and has quite a lot of teeth.
- Looks a good deal like the Shadow Shaman and Troll Warlord. His chin is also much longer than the Shadow Shaman's. Their bodies and sizes, however, are very similar.
- Of all things on the battlefield, the Trolls are the ones he is most akin to. While his mother's head is kind of present in the game, it's shrunken; but most of her features are akin to those of her son. He is way too deformed to be called anything for sure, and it is not very easy to judge the rest of his folk by a decorative shrunken head.
, - Both share quite a lot of features with the Trolls mentioned here, but aren't referred to by Troll Warlord in any way.
An Ursa is a somewhat humanoid creature with features of a bear, and, additionally, habits of a bear. The main throwoff are their ears, which are more like those of a hare or a rat. The ursine maw is also notably narrower than a bear's. Anyway, the Ursaj seem to have a matriarchic society, their males bent on protecting their homelands and cubs. A certain time ago, they did not have speech - this gift is one of the recent ones to be handed to the ursine race.
- Ulfsaar the Warrior is one of the most valiant defenders of his woods.
The race of draconic beings which lived in the Nether Reaches for millions of years, they seem to rely more on their toxins and deadly poisons instead of fire. They are also considerably smaller than dragons, and spot some bat features.
- Having been taken by a wizard as a familiar, he had managed to escape into the open world.
The Skywrath are humanoid winged creatures, most notable for their arrogancy and hot temper. They are very easy to enrage and insult. Both usually end up in a skywrath unleashing his revenge on whoever decided to fool with him.
- Was first in succession for the throne of the Ghastly Eerie. Shendel is currently not exactly a skywrath, but a Vengeful Spirit. She is rather small for one of her people, and what is left of her wings suggests that those weren't exactly gargantuan either.
- The creatively named Skywrath Mage, Dragonus, is a full-out skywrath - maybe not exactly as hot-tempered as they are stereotyped, but still, he has distinct avine features mixed with a generally human appearance.
Those are gods, or, at the very least, beings created by gods themselves.
- Was a god. Now tries to prove himself a trusty husband to his wife. Also has pointed ears, see Ancient Heroes.
- Technically a creation of Verodicia, Goddess of the Woods, Tequoia burst from the last seed of hers.
- Atropos has spawned from Nyctasha's nightmares, later feeding on her immortality and setting off to steal her prowess of invoking baleful visions and nightmares onto others.
- Io is often taken for a divine entity by various scholars.
There is no consistency between varying demons, it seems, as they look and behave in different ways. Most demons belong to their places of origin, only some of them, the Sovereign Demons, allowed to visit the physical plane by the Umbral Pact. One can, apparently, become a demon; and there are various places where they are present - and, quite importantly, one may imprison a demon in a corporeal form with not much of a chance of escape (which is what happened to some unfortunate daemonic souls that now serve as courier rams for Heroes). The one similarity that is pointed out is that all demons have crooked spines; Doom, Shadow Demon and Queen of Pain would like to disagree, though. On the other hand, one used to be a being of light, the second had to pull himself back from pieces and Akasha is a succubus.
- Used to be a creature of light, who, after having been deprived of birthright and banished from his home realm, the Realm behind the Light, became a demon later on. He has a somewhat humanoid body with two pairs of limbs, burned wings, horns and a fleshy tail. Has a skull for a head.
- Lives in the Abysm, where no other soul has peeked. That is, not counting those that are added into his ever-growing collection. Is an obscure creature that seems to float around, spots a canine-looking skull for a head.
- Tried to take over the physical plane once, only to have his scheme stopped by the Shadow Fiend and Doom. Currently has a physical humanoid body with bulging purple skin, splitting tail, and a skull for a head - though it hardly is what he used to look like, him having to pull himself back together from small pieces.
- Is a succubus, thus likely belongs to the species. However, her only similarity to the three above is that she has horns. Shadow Demon doesn't, though. And she also does not speak in Ozhkavosh, the language of demons.
and his Golems - The Golems, to be precise, are enslaved demons from the Outer Hells. They are very primitive creatures, most likely brainwashed to serve Demnok Lannik with their lives. This is possibly the reason why they don't speak in Ozhkavosh anymore, since the language was likely erased from their memory.
Beings that are affiliated with elements, elemental planes et cetera.
- Became an Elemental after discovering the painful truth of nature. Seems to take on desolation, disharmony, disorder, discord and despair.
- Calls himself the Ice Elemental - quite logically, being a creation of eternal cold and ice. Also gives an idea on who the Enigma might be.
- Is referred to as an elemental by Kaldr the Ancient Apparition. While it is an enigma which element he is supposed to represent, it is heavily implied that he is, as a being of void made flesh, the Void Elemental. However, Enigma himself prefers to state that he is a Fundamental, which is something Kaldr, being apparently lower than Enigma in the complicated hierarchy of elemental beings, might not know.
- Fits as a Water elemental. Many other heroes, like Tidehunter, imply that he might have power over the waters of this world.
- Was, quite literally, earth itself, that took form and set on to walk the lands of this world. Could be therefore dubbed the Earth Elemental.
- Might possibly be a Sand Elemental - only he is, in fact, an artificial being, and it is not clear whether those can or can not be elementals.
- Commonly called Bane, Atropos is, in fact, the Bane Elemental. Or, in other words, the Fear Elemental.
- The Lightning Revenant has power over lightning (quite predictably) and electricity - coupled with his personality, he is an extremely likely candidate for a Lightning Elemental. His position and task are, however, rather unusual for an elemental being, as he is, essentially, a prison warden.
- Belongs to an elemental realm.
Beings of stone - or any other hard surface.
- While his origins are unknown, Tiny seems fit for the name of a Golem. Or a splinter from one of its' heels.
Servants of the Hidden Temple
There is no other way to call whatever race Lanaya belongs, or belonged to. Either way, their humanoid features are only spoiled by prolonged ears - but that may very well be the influence of the Hidden Temple's misteries.
- Is the Hidden Temple's own Assassin, devoted to keeping its' mysteries.
Massive, ancient beings that are, in fact, living trees. They are considerably slow, in both movement, thought and speech, being trees. Treant Protectors are found in the sacred forests behind the Vale of Augury.
- Rooftrellen was sent by the other Protectors to investiage the open world in search of any new threats.
and his Treants - Tequoia can create Treants from trees - they look similar to the Treant Protectors, only are much weaker and aren't as tall, most likely due to their short lifespan and small age.
Creatures of the Primordial Night
Whatever survived after the first crack of dawn.
- Balanar is a muscular, predatory winged being with blue skin and a very specific face structure, which, in fact, allows his maw to open in several different directions, much like a venus fly trap or a squid would. It seems that he is one of the mightiest and toughest beings that were there, since he is, for one, able to survive the daylight.
The Faerie Dragons
A species with immensely long lifespans, they are capable of spending millions of years in their juvenile forms and still never grow up. Their motives are unclear, their magical powers undeniable. Their lifetime evolution is similar to that of insects.
- Puck is a faerie dragon that prefers to spend its' seemingly endless life in form of a child, resting in chrysalis when playtime is over.
Dragons are enormous reptilian winged creatures, capable of beating any enemy in physical combat or with their deadly breath, which may differ from fire to ice to whatever.
- Is a Pyreaxe twinhead that combines abilities to breath both fire and ice in each of his heads. He also has duplicate pairs of wings and tails.
- Davion is half-Eldwurm, specifically Slyrak. He is capable of breathing venom, fire and ice, changing scale color and physical appearance.
Also connected with Drakes and Drakinds
Dragonesque creatures; the difference between a drake and a dragon might mostly be one's name. The drakes, though, seem to be relatives of the extinct Drakinds; of those we too only know the name. There also exist prismatic drakes that are able to blend into their surroundings much like a chameleon does; they are also apparently able to be tamed.
Perched atop the entrance to the Narrow Maze sit the looming shapes of sneering gargoyles, the paths into the hereafter forever in their gaze.
- A dreaded gargoyle, the bound form of the eternal spirit Necro'lic, Visage is dispatched to retrieve souls that managed to escape the Underscape.
A strange species of social insect with abilities unique to all the seven planes.
- The only member of the assassin caste of his colony.
There also are some cathegories that might need clarification.
Ancient Heroes originally (c) GIROG
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Some of the heroes have lived for a very long time, predating long forgotten historical events even. In case they are humanoid, they all usually have at least one trait in common - their ears are pointed for one reason or another. It seems that the longer a human being lives, the longer and pointier his ears would become - or, to be exact, the longer his body exists, since the Lich and the Death Prophet are currently undead, and yet spot this feature.
Zeus likely has them because he was immortal in the first place - to show that he is not to die of old age.
An other theory would be that human beings of the older times had longer, pointed ears - a trait which later disappeared for one reason or another.
Lanaya, however, rushes in to put a possible end to this theory, having been born in relatively recent years, being able to start her studies with the charred fragments of the Violent Archives - that have only become charred not so long ago. And yet her ears are long... Quite. Though it is possible that she was altered by the Hidden Temple... But that's not much more than pure guessing.
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Celestials are mysterious beings often found in the areas around the Wailing Mountains. They have immense powers, and are affiliated with various elements and events - for instance, Raijin was a Storm Celestial; also present are Mangix' Fire, Wind (redubbed Storm) and Earth. Most importantly, they appear to have a physical form, therefore making cross-breeding possible. This is the instance with Brewmaster. Some instead prefer to take on a more natural form, as with the Earth Spirit which inhibited the Upland jade clusters for a long time.
It should be noted that the Storm Spirit and the Brewmaster, both half-celestial, may look rather different one from the other, but, in fact, spot some similarities. Mangix has a humanoid body with bearly features and proportions, being a direct crossbreed between an Oyo mother and a Celestial father. Raijin-Thunderkeg the Storm Spirit, on the other hand, was a human who had merged himself with a Celestial - and while he still has a human's appearance, his proportion match those of the Brewmaster more closely than any of the humans present in Dota 2 right now. If we're also to believe that the Ember Spirit was faithful to Xin's original image and that the artisan that crafted general Kaolin's statue was true to how the person looked, then it would seem that they share these features just as well. The Brewmaster being the black sheep of the trio with his fur and paws, it would seem that the Celestials - or at least the Celestial that had a run-in with his mother - have an ursine appearance. The Primal Spirits of Brewmaster's also seem to give credit to the theory, though they certainly are much smaller than normal Celestials and are refered to as "elements".
There is nothing to conclude, as new lore is added pretty much every week/month if we behave properly/are being naughty. And, if nothing terrible happens, there are more lists coming soon-ish. If needed.